Alfonso Corti (1822–1888)
Corti began his scientific career studying the cardiovascular systems of reptiles. Later he turned his attention to the mammalian auditory system. In 1851 he published a paper describing a structure located on the basilar membrane of the cochlea containing hair cells that convert sound vibrations into nerve impulses: the organ of Corti.
Adapted from www.vimm.it/cochlea/cochleapages/overview/corti/corti.htm